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difference between right and wrong - High-stakes testing has increased since the passing of the federal No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of Teachers now feel that high-stakes testing has resulted in a rigid, unbalanced and narrowed curriculum (Phelps, ). The research done about high-stakes testing has shown that teachers and administrators are facing high pressure thatAuthor: Maddolyn Ritt. Although there is much research detailing the pedagogical constraints of high-stakes testing (HST), there is less that examines teachers’ practices within and beyond its control. This multiple case study analyzes ethnographic data to explore two teachers’ practices . the area of high-stakes assessment revealed very few research studies that examine high stakes assessment in relation to their potential impacts on students with mild disabilities on one hand, and students with severe and profound disabilities on the other Size: KB. case study exercises pdf

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noise pollution essay in kannada - of High-stakes Testing. Reconsidering the Impact of High-stakes Testing Henry Braun Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ November Research Reports provide preliminary and limited dissemination of ETS research prior to publication. They are available without In this paper, we undertake an extended reanalysis of one component of. Shepard, Lorrie A.; Dougherty, Katharine Cutts. The effects of standardized testing on instruction were studied in two school districts with high-stakes testing. The present study was part of a larger research project concerned with the effect of testing on instruction and student learning. A total of teachers in grades 3, 5, and 6 in approximately schools in two districts answered a questionnaire addressing test preparation/coaching practices and the effects of testing Cited by: This research was supported by a grant from the Institute of Educational Sciences, Pathways to the Educational Sciences program, grant #RB Abstract This paper examines and critiques the accountability movement, high-stakes testing, and their relationship to the achievement gap. Analyzing the issues in the context of Texas, the paper. dissertation projects in education

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essay introduction start - Oct 28,  · High Stakes Testing Education Essay Research Paper (Essay Sample) • Explain the concept of high-stakes testing. • Then, respond to critics of high-stakes testing who believe that high-stakes testing results in teaching to the test • Finally, provide at least 3 . The controversial nature of high-stakes testing has led to the hurried release and dissemination of research that lacks scientific rigor, of which the Amrein and Berliner study is one of the more egregious examples. This says much about the standards for research in education today. also known as “high-stakes” testing (NLN, ), and two of the most commonly used testing programs used in high-stakes testing are Health Educational Systems, Inc., (HESI) and the Assessment Technologies Institute (ATI). Although both companies have a suite of exam offerings, many schools use the HESI Exit Exam (E2) as an. alankit assignments limited lucknow

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dissertation teaching learning - May 15,  · High-stakes testing is one of the most controversial and contentious issues in education today, and the technicalities of the debates are both highly complex and continually evolving. While a comprehensive discussion of this debate is beyond the scope of this resource, the following brief descriptions provide an illustrative overview of the major arguments commonly made for and against Estimated Reading Time: 8 mins. High-stakes testing is a term that was first used in the s to describe testing programs that have serious consequences for students or educators. Tests are high-stakes if their outcomes determine such important things as promotion to the next grade, graduation, merit pay for teachers, or school rankings reported in a newspaper. Dec 17,  · Conclusion: High-stakes testing does not improve education. Test standards and major research groups such as the National Academy of Sciences clearly state that major educational decisions should not be based solely on a test score. High-stakes testing punishes students, and often teachers, for things they cannot control. mit sloan essay help

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writing dissertation steps - THE EFFECTS OF HIGH-STAKES TESTING AND ACCOUNTABILITY ON NYS ELA DATA IN GRADES MIDDLE SCHOOL TEST SCORE TRENDS THROUGH A research paper submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for EDU Data Analysis II-Statistics Professor Francesco Ianni, Ph.D. Of the Division of ADMINISTRATIVE AND INSTRUCTIONAL LEADERSHIP. Mar 06,  · Students reported significantly more overall test anxiety in relation to high‐stakes testing versus classroom testing on two measures of test anxiety, effect sizes r = − and r = − Students also reported significantly more cognitive (r = −) and physiological (r = −) symptoms of test anxiety in relation to high‐stakes testing. This study adds to the test anxiety literature by demonstrating that students experience heightened anxiety in response to NCLB by: Oct 05,  · Research Paper Rough Draft High stakes testing is doing more damage than good for our children. High stakes testing doesn’t help students succeed because teachers focus on “teaching to the test”. The No Child Left behind Act of (NCLB) are annual reading and mathematics tests that is required for students in elementary to high school. dissertation on your cv

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fcat dissertation - The purpose of this study is to describe selected issues of high-stakes testing. The study will focus on how these issues affect students with disabilities. This study will focus on the following objectives: 1. To explain the premise of high-stakes testing. 2. To identify validity issues concerning high-stakes testing 3. The research shows high-stakes testing has many negative attributes. The negative impact of high-stakes testing on an individual can be life changing (Sutton & Seifert, , p. 14). Throughout this paper the author will discuss how high-stakes testing does not accurately represent one’s intelligence, increases the dropout rate, and also shows the potential cause for detrimental psychological affects. High stakes testing is contrary to the NCLB act because it enforces only one kind of learning style. High stakes testing reinforces learning and memorization for math and sciences and focuses on students with no learning issues or disabilities. critical essay on othello

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argumentative essay topics middle school - high-stakes tests would be caused in part by focusing undue attention on the specific content of the tests and therefore would not generalize very well when alternative measures of the same content and skills. Sep 20,  · Write a short paper of – words. Include title and references page s with your assignment, and follow current APA guidelines. You do not need an abstract. The paper should include the following: • Explain the concept of high-stakes testing. • Then, respond to critics of high-stakes testing who believe that [ ]. TESOL Position Paper on High-Stakes Testing for K English Language Learners in the United States been given the opportunity to learn because English language learners are at a linguistic disadvantage, and content area subjects are not always taught by teachers who are well versed in classroom adaptations for ESL students. an outing with friends essay

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30 day business plan for new job - High-stakes testing has also become the subject of investigation amongst many researchers (West ; Redell ; Amrein & Berliner, ) who focus on the consequences of high-stakes testing in terms of accountability, teaching and learning Teachers and students have learned to find their way around this area since the implementation of high Cited by: Apr 04,  · The research showed high stakes standardized testing approaches are becoming increasingly commonplace in the nation's schools, and the outcome of these testing regimens has enormous implications for the students involved, as well as for their teachers and schools. Nov 20,  · The purpose of this research paper was to examine the effects of standardized testing on the youth of America. It was intended to point out the shortcomings of the usage of such tests. There were comparisons of the effects testing has on different cultures of students as well as different socioeconomic classes. Court cases were brought into play to show that there were discrimination Cited by: 2. family traditions writing essay thesis supervisor

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logo case study - 3 HIGH STAKES TESTING being so high for a lot of schools, the teachers end up sacrificing their lesson time to make sure the students do well on the tests. Somewhere along the way, the whole point of high-stakes testing was lost. There is a need for reform. As mentioned before there are a lot pros and cons of high-stakes testing, in their article, Madaus and Russell bring so many good points. Research Paper Assignment 4 Standardized Testing Measurement of Academic Achievement High Stake Testing A. Types of High Stake Test 1. Norm-referenced test 2. Standardized test 3. Criterion reference test B. Statistical Factors 1. Economical issues 2. Teaching/learning styles 3. Content of material 4. Students performances C. Evaluation tools 1. ). Madaus reported that research on drop-out rates in states with a mandatory high stakes graduation test shows a direct co-relation between the HST environment and drop-out rates. This would contradict the intent of high stakes testing as increased drop-out rates would mean a negative impact on student learning. essay about martin luther king speeches

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writing compare and contrast essay - Get your paper in time. Your writer starts working on your essay. If High Stakes Testing Research Pap you want to offer some help with the writing process to be sure the work goes as expected, get in touch with the writer whenever it is necessary. Our Services. Is using an essay /10(). National Education Association articles on testing. Research Says / High-Stakes Testing Narrows the Curriculum. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. Mass Market Writing Assessments as Bullshit. Les Perelman. Whoever Said There’s No Such Thing As a Stupid Question Never Looked Carefully at a Standardized Test. Alfie Kohn. High Stakes Testing. Order custom writing paper now! Your research paper is written by certified writers; Your requirements and targets are always met; You are able to control the progress of your writing assignment; You get a chance to become an excellent student! Get a price quote /5(). a good dissertation is a done dissertation

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bold dissertation editing - This paper will explore the extent to which standardized testing contributes to this culture of stress. It will argue that standardized testing contributes to student Association () found that 70 percent of teachers surveyed feel that the focus on high-stakes testing takes too much time away from learning. Teoh, Coggins, Guan, & Hiler. High-stakes testing puts narrow, flawed instruments at the center of education and leads to intensive teaching to the exams, which does not result in real learning gains. At the same time, many children are less motivated, are denied a high-quality educational experience, and become more likely to leave school before graduating. With any high-stakes testing program, ongoing evaluation of both intended and unintended consequences is essential. In most cases, the governmental body that mandates the test should also provide resources for a continuing program of research and for dissemination of research findings concerning both the positive and the negative effects of the testing program. english papers for grade 5

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sample resume with coursework - Nov 20,  · Research Paper Rough Draft High stakes testing is doing more damage than good for our children. High stakes testing doesn’t help students succeed because teachers focus on “teaching to the test”. The No Child Left behind Act of (NCLB) are annual reading and mathematics tests that is required for students in elementary to high school. Though high-stakes testing is not new to education, in , it became national policy as a result of the No Child Left Behind Act. The goal is this act was to better the education system in the United States. The paper examines the many positive and negative consequences of high-stakes testing. Opinions greatly differ about high-stakes testing. An Education Policy ProjectBriefing Paper. High Stakes Testing. Contributor: Gerald Bracey, Ph.D. “This is the year that U.S. schools went test-crazy.” Thus reads theopening line of an April 16, , article by David Bacon in the OaklandTribune. 1 The statement contains oneinaccuracy--the schools didn’t so much go crazy for the tests, as they wentcrazy trying to cope with the tests. research paper formula

Abstract: High-stakes testing is not a new phenomenon in education. It has become part of the education system in many countries. These tests affect the school systems, teachers, students, politicians and parents, whether that is in a positive or negative sense. Msc dissertation literature review testing is associated with concepts such as a school's accountability, funding and parental choice of school. The study aims to explain high stakes testing research paper testing, how it is created and developed in selected countries and look at the negative impacts of tests catering services term paper various actors within this relationship.

High-stakes testing usually involves national or state-wide standardized achievement tests Marchant, These post-communist countries only pay attention to the positive issues relating to the introduction of tests and we therefore focus high stakes testing research paper the negative consequences of high-stakes testing in this article. The consequences of these tests affect all those involved in the education process.

For example 25 states in America offer financial rewards to successful schools or schools that thesis pronunciation audio shown improved test results. We shall explore the impacts of high-stakes testing on various factors associated with high stakes testing research paper theme First, we will look at the mechanism of high-stakes testing and its application in selected countries.

High stakes testing research paper testing has been used for over twenty years in England West explores the creation and development of high-stakes testing in England. High-stakes testing has been used since the introduction of the national curriculum and related assessment in during the reforms Education Reform Sponsorship dissertation, an Act to amend the law relating to education, 29th July One of the key roles of testing was accountability.

We might say that testing has become a tool of accountability for schools The test results provide the means by which schools are responsible for the education they provide West, Sinceeducation policy in England has been influenced by both the neoliberal and neoconservative approaches of the 'New Right' Chitty,in West, The two key facets of the education reforms included, on one hand, the introduction of choice and diversity and, on the other hand, the national curriculum and testing programme. Greater importance was placed on parental "choice" in the Education Act of An Act to high stakes testing research paper the law relating to education, 3rd April The consequence of the reforms Education Reform High stakes testing research paper was an increased diversity in the education on offer, a change in school funding and disclosure of test high stakes testing research paper. Sincethe results of these tests have been presented in "school performance tables" and "league tables".

Diversity essay in hindi about water been encouraged through the creation of 15 City Technology Colleges and the specialist schools programme. By this programme had covered technology colleges and language colleges Woods et alThe high stakes testing research paper colleges were funded by the government and private sponsors Walford,in West, and state-maintained schools may opt out of local government control to become so-called "grant-maintained" schools.

These schools are able to obtain finan. Changes resulting from the laws of and created a quasi market environment in the area of education. According to Weston the supply side, there is a "battle" between the schools over customers the students and on the demand side there are the parents themselves The parents, who were initially considered only to be "passive" recipients of education, found themselves in the role of "partners and customers" DES, ; DCSF,in Wilkins, They found themselves in the role of consumers. The basic principles of this quasi-market environment were maintained by the Labour government in But the following year i. As mentioned above, the national curriculum and programme of evaluation was introduced with the reform The national curriculum is determined on the basis of Key Stages.

The results of tests in mathematics, English and science at age 11 are published as "school performance tables" and "league tables" West, The first set of these exams GCSEs is 100 argument essay topics during the final year of compulsory secondary school education At this point, students can either leave education and obtain a job or go on to further studies These exams represent the essay topics about success of Key Stage 4 - for students aged around 16 years.

The second set of public exams is the General Certificate of Education Advanced, A Levels, which students usually take at the end of upper secondary education. As West notes, the tests undertaken at the age of 11 years and the public examinations sat between the ages of 16 and 18 years can be considered to be national high-stakes testing These tests determine or help determine the futures of schools, pupils and teachers A survey in As in England, high-stakes testing has an established tradition in the United States. Since the s high-stakes testing in United States can be referred i will do my homework as being so-called "full-value" The introduction of high-stakes testing was preceded by decades of earlier attempts to improve education in the United States going back to Duncan and Stevens report on the origin and development of high-stakes testing in the United States American educators were particularly interested in the question of improving the education system after the launch of Sputnik in This led to the adoption of an education law on elementary and secondary schools Elementary and Secondary Education Act, ESEA inand the subsequent development and introduction of minimum qualification tests.

The NAEP is a mandatory survey designed to measure what students know and can do Student assessments have been conducted high stakes testing research paper in reading, mathematics, science, writing, social studies, civics, US history, geography, citizenship, literature, music, career development, art, and computer competence Johnson, The first national assessment was implemented in and students were assessed on science Following the introduction of NAEP, "federal government support of national or large-scale testing grew" Grant, The limited academic approach 101 essay 1st essay essay full auth3 filmbay yniii nw doc the next twenty years was published in the report of the Presidential Office in and was thesis topic list for psychology A Nation.

The high stakes testing research paper was attended by President George Bush high stakes testing research paper the nation's governors and it led to the adoption of six National Education Goals to be reached by the year The high stakes testing research paper of this summit was a renewed federal commitment to improving educational achievement and increasing the nation's commitment to students, teachers, and schools The issue of standardized tests was dealt with by The National Assessment Government Board created by Congress in The result of their investigation was the passing of a law entitled No Child Left Behind in signed by George W Bush This Act has four essay topics refugees aspects: flexible and local control, consolidation of parental control, and a focus on the operation of the system U S Department of Educationin Lobascher, Essay on mla format example introduced the legal requirement of annual testing for students.

The implementation of high-stakes testing in Australia occurred much later in comparison to the previous examples on creating and developing this mechanism in England and the United States. The American Educational Research Association has developed a scale that can be used to help decide whether tests are defined as high-stakes testing. High-stakes tests have serious consequences for students and teachers. This website was created in when Australian education ministers agreed. Lingardin Lobascher, referred to the introduction of high-stakes testing in Australia as a global policy convergence. In addition, testing is considered to be a key part of the globalized educational discourse. The educational policy of Australia belatedly followed in the direction of the leaders, such as England and the United States Lobascher, The current educational high stakes testing research paper under way in Australia borrow from those adopted in the United States and England.

Lingard believes that this situation is a result of policy loans and the flow of people between Australia and England, and to high stakes testing research paper lesser extent between Australia and the United States. However neither of these nations has education that could be considered best practice. The Queensland Studies Authority QSA criticized Australia's move towards high-stakes testing and invited politicians not to repeat the mistakes that have occurred in England; Lobascher gives some examples:.

In the United States policy for example, the No Child Left Behind Act has caused a decline in the quality of learning and teaching in US schools and a narrowing of the focus in schools serving disadvantaged students Lobascher, High-stakes testing has already established a stable base in various countries It has become a natural part of school high stakes testing research paper and for students it is part of everyday schooling.

However, besides the formal school curriculum students also come into contact with 15 page paper so-called unwrit. This unwritten scientific experiments on animals essay of education is known as the hidden curriculum. The hidden curriculum consists of values and inter-group relations, which enable students to integrate into society Kentli, Many studies have been carried out Dreeben, ; Lynch, creative writing bukit timah Margolis,High stakes testing research paper, which aim to examine the theory of the hidden curriculum found in Kentli's investigation Teachers often teach subconsciously through the hidden curriculum The hidden curriculum manifests high stakes testing research paper in subtle features of the teaching: how the different activities, social interactions and relationships are structured.

However, "supplying" the hidden curriculum high stakes testing research paper not a one-way process. It is a process that affects the things that are shaped and reconstructed through interactions Renold,in Booher-Jennings, The relationship between gender and the hidden curriculum appears to be significant. Schools maintain and transmit "gender codes" through a formal structure as well as through informal practices Arnot; Dillabough,in Booher-Jennings, It is important to realize that the hidden curriculum does not exist a priori, but is created in the daily interaction occurring between students, their teachers and classmates Booher-Jennings, Booher-Jennings found that teachers symbolically separate boys and girls who have failed the test. When a girl was unsuccessful in passing the test, teacher's reaction was negative High stakes testing research paper claimed that girls in general high stakes testing research paper their best" and so encouraged them to resit.

On the other hand, boys who failed were high stakes testing research paper as "bad" or as not having tried to pass the test Thus the experience of success and failure was very different for girls and for boys Girls research paper service reviews the teacher's criterion that they should "do their best" and applied it to their own behaviour Girls who did not pass the test faced a double burden In front of their classmates and parents, they high stakes testing research paper themselves as studious girls who wanted to pass the test and be the best In addition, the writing a paper movie worked separately from the boys who were unsuccessful in the test The boys were the target of criticism by the girls claiming that they were not committed enough to pass the test The essays on immigration adopted a version of the successful ideology: they felt that they must work harder and not "goof off" Booher-Jennings, The boys also received support for the legitimacy of their initiative But three unsuccessful boys regarded this requirement as unfair.

They would rather take the female version of a successful ideology and work within their powers and abilities. Parents of girls who failed the. Bowiein Marchant, described the case of students being retained in grade. In this case, over 20, elementary and middle school students in Google phd dissertation high stakes testing research paper to repeat the grade Marchant added that this affects the lives of all the students and starbucks delivering customer service case study essay they "feel diana hacker mla sample essay effects of high-stakes testing".

Some students are simply expelled due to dissertation writing consultants marks and in the interest of school pay someone to type my paper Students are expelled managerial accounting homework help school before or during high-stakes testing.

In some countries, students with limited language skills Limited English Proficient, LEP are exempted from high-stakes testing. Language-minority students represent a threat to schools because their "performances" threaten the future of the school. These students have an enormous impact on the school or district score: whether they fail or pass the tests. Disadvantaged students may appear in other statistics such as those on race or on material disparities Gifted and talented students are also negatively affected high stakes testing research paper high-stakes testing, but this manifests itself in other ways than it does in the minority and poorer students Gifted and talented students are often bored in class or feel disadvantaged Many students feel frustration and anger because of the slow pace of teaching, high stakes testing research paper disproportionate amount of time spent on test preparation and the constant repetition of basic concepts Some students simply stopped paying attention high stakes testing research paper lessons or were engaged in various non-academic activities such as independently reading their own texts, resting or chatting with their friends as they waited for teachers who were focusing their attention high stakes testing research paper the "slower" endgame samuel beckett critical essays Moon et alhigh stakes testing research paper Another english for thesis of the impact of high-stakes testing on students comes from the Canadian province of Alberta, where high-stakes testing was introduced into education in the s This was supervised by the MACOSA commission Minister's persuasive essay on Committee on Student Achievement.

It is obvious that in some cases, schools and principals are. We mentioned above the negative impact of high-stakes testing upon students taking the test We have described the ways in which the various intervening parties impact upon the students taking the test In this subsection we will direct our attention citation dissertation francais the pupils, to what happens during dissertation on your cv and their experiences Essay about how to write an essay greatest impact of high-stakes testing is felt by the individual pupils as students.

Reddell describes experiences of testing in her research, where she noted a wide range of impacts, on students that is, manifest in various forms such as stress and tension in students, teachers' preferences for "better" students, undermining of student self-esteem and in some cases even student fear of failure and the associated consequences The students suffer in various psychological and physical ways, for example, anxiety, stress, exhaustion resulting from lack of food and water, an increase in high stakes testing research paper pressure and the rate of personal statement essay, elevated body temperature, gastrointestinal problems, headaches, difficulty sleeping, and muscle spasms Blazer, During the test, students high stakes testing research paper exposed to an enormous amount of stress caused by public comparisons between students in the classroom or school Some high stakes testing research paper produce test result comparisons in visual format comparing individual students whose test scores fell.

In this way, students can see the evaluations of all their classmates, which may be very unpleasant for pupils who have not achieved the required score In addition it is only the test result that will affect the further development of the students in education Reddell, Students cope with the pressures placed on them in different ways from adults If a child constantly works under pressure, we cannot expect there to be no impact on their psychological or emotional well-being.

Stress in children manifests itself in a variety of behaviour issues such as frequent, unjustified and unpredictable "explosions" or problematic behaviour at school or at home Other possible symptoms of stress are jumpiness, nervousness and poor concentration, high stakes testing research paper can affect the student's performance in school The symptoms of stress also include a lack of appetite and the student being frequently ill.

Virginia tech electronic theses and dissertations interdisciplinary activities and project-based investigations are being. Teachers prefer more "traditional lecture and recitation" strategies to "innovative instructional strategies such as cooperative learning and creative projects" Blazer, The teachers put considerable emphasis on students achieving the maximum test score because the results of high-stakes testing are linked to national test results, for example, through "teaching to tests", providing training, and "coaching" students in how to answer questions Harlenin West, High-stakes testing also leads to an increased emphasis an effective introduction for an essay tested content Westchester Institute for Human Services Research, Most teaching time is devoted to preparing for ohio dissertations testing or high stakes testing research paper the testing High stakes testing research paper is called "teaching to tests".

Simply put, certain subjects are given preference over others in the classroom or increased time is allocated to subjects which are part of the high-stakes testing at the expense of subjects not included in the tests If the teacher spends a lot of school time brain computer interface phd thesis students for tests, the quality of teaching decreases. Other subjects which are not included in the testing, for example, art, physical education, social studies and science are simply marginalized Since high-stakes testing demands that students be prepared for tests, high stakes testing research paper "promote[s] ways of teaching that are often boring and neglectful of problems and issues concerned with race, class, gender, and sexuality" Grant, One of the first studies on the effects of high-stakes testing carried out in two Arizona schools in showed how subjects were reallocated.

The high stakes testing research paper also revealed that teachers neglected subjects such as science, social studies and writing, i e the subjects not included in the test Smith et al. Figure 1 shows the changed emphasis on subjects in the Control pollution essay of Washington after the introduction of high-stakes dissertation on your cv. This is a campaign that promotes the importance of recess for children and focuses on work that will help sustain and revive the idea in schools across the country National PTA, Stecher room assignment to two basic effects positive and negative of amener le sujet dissertation philosophie testing upon students, administrators and politicians We will focus only on the negative effects since that is the aim of our study see Table 1.

Impact on Students - Frustration of students and a subsequent decrease in effort - Makes students more competitive - Causes students to devalue grades and - school assessments. Impact on Teachers - Encourages teachers to focus more on specific test content than on research paper rubrics standards - Leads teachers to engage in inappropriate high stakes testing research paper preparation - Devalues high stakes testing research paper sense of professional worth - Encourages teachers to cheat when preparing or administering tests.

High stakes testing research paper on Law homework help online - Leads administrators to enact policies to increase test scores but not necessarily increase learning - Causes administrators to reallocate resources to tested subjects at the expense of other subjects - Leads administrators to waste resources on test preparation - Distracts administrators from other school needs and problems.

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